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G.W.R. Constituent Companies

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Companies amalgamated by the 1921 Railways Act


(Date) – The date that the company was amalgamated into, or purchased by the G.W.R.


The Great Western Railway (G.W.R) and its constituents


Early amalgamations and purchases.


Berks and Hants Railway (1846)

Birkenhead Railway (1 January 1860) Chester and Birkenhead Railway

Birkenhead, Lancashire and Cheshire Junction Railway

Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway (1 July 1843)

Monmouth and Hereford Railway (1846)

Oxford and Rugby Railway (1846)

Shrewsbury and Birmingham Railway (1 September 1854)

Shrewsbury and Chester Railway (1 September 1854)

Wilts, Somerset and Weymouth Railway (14 March 1850)

 

Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway

South Wales Railway (1 January 1862)

West Midland Railway (1 August 1863) Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway

Worcester and Hereford Railway

 

Vale of Neath Railway (1 February 1865) Aberdare Valley Railway

 

Bala and Festiniog Railway (1910)

Banbury and Cheltenham Direct Railway (1897)

Berks and Hants Extension Railway (1882)

Bridport Railway (1901)

Bristol and Exeter Railway (1 January 1876)

Bristol and South Wales Union Railway (1868)

Buckfastleigh, Totnes and South Devon Railway (1897)

Calne Railway (1896)

Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway (1 July 1882)

Cornwall Minerals Railway (1 July 1896)

Cornwall Railway (1 July 1889)

Corwen and Bala Railway (1896)

Culm Valley Light Railway (1880)

Dartmouth and Torbay Railway

Devon and Somerset Railway (1901)

East Somerset Railway (1874)

Ely Valley Railway (South Wales) (1903)

Faringdon Railway (1886)

Festiniog and Blaenau Railway (10 September 1883)

Forest of Dean Central Railway (1866)

Gloucester and Dean Forest Railway (1875)

Golden Valley Railway (Pontrilas to Hay Junction) (1 May 1901)

Great Western and Brentford Railway (1872)

Helston Railway (1898)

Kington and Eadisley Railway (1897)

Lambourn Valley Railway (1 July 1906)

Launceston and South Devon Railway

Leominster and Kington Railway (1898)

Llanelly Railway (1 January 1873)

Llangollen and Corwen Railway (1896)

Llynvi and Ogmore Railway (1 July 1873) Llynvi Valley Railway

Lostwithiel and Fowey Railway

Maenclochog Railway

Malmsbury Railway (1880)

Manchester and Milford Railway (1 July 1907)

Marlborough Railway (1896)

Milford Railway (1896)

Minehead Railway (1897)

Monmouthshire Railway (1 August 1875)

Moretonhampstead and South Devon Railway

Nantwich and Market Drayton Railway (1897)

Newent Railway (1892)

Newquay and Cornwall Junction Railway

Newquay Railway

North Pembrokeshire and Fishguard Railway

North Pembrokeshire and Fishguard Railway (1 July 1898)

Ogmore Valley Railway

Par Tramway

Pembroke and Tenby Railway (1 July 1896)

Ross and Ledbury Railway (1892)

South Devon and Tavistock Railway

South Devon Railway (1 February 1876)  

Staines and West Drayton Railway (1900)

Stourbridge Railway (1 February 1870)

Stratford-on-Avon Railway (1883)

Tenbury and Bewdley Railway (1869)

Torbay and Brixham Railway (1 January 1883)

Vale of Llangollen Railway (1896)

Wallingford and Watlington Railway (1872)

Watlington and Princes Risborough Railway (1 January 1884)

Wellington and Drayton Railway (30 August 1877)

Wellington and Severn Junction Railway (1892)

Wenlock Railway (1896)

West Cornwall Railway (1 February 1876)  Hayle Railway

Whitland and Cardigan Railway (1 September 1886)

Worcester, Bromyard and Leominster Railway (1888)

Wrexham and Minera Railway (1871)

Wycombe Railway (1867)

Wye Valley Railway (1905)

1921 Railways Act

 

The following companies were absorbed into the Great Western Railway as a result of the Railways Act 1921,

However they were incorporated into the new larger business on the different dates shown.


Alexandra (Newport and South Wales) Docks and Railway (1 January 1922) 10.5 miles (17 km)

Barry Railway (1 January 1922) 68 miles (109 km) Vale of Glamorgan Railway 20.75 miles (33 km♠)

Brecon and Merthyr Railway (1 July 1922) 59.75 miles (97 km)

Burry Port and Gwendraeth Valley Railway (1 July 1922) 21 miles (34 km)

Cambrian Railways (1 January 1922) 295.25 miles (472 km) Aberystwyth and Welsh Coast Railway

Cardiff Railway (1 January 1922) 11.75 miles (19 km)

Cleobury, Mortimer and Ditton Priors Railway (1 January 1922) 12 miles (19 km)

Didcot, Newbury and Southampton Railway (1923) 42.75 miles (68 km)

East Gloucestershire Railway 25.5 miles (41 km)

Exeter Railway 8.75 miles (14 km)

Forest of Dean Central Railway 5 miles (8 km)

Gwendraeth Valley Railways (1 January 1923) 3 miles (5 km)

Lampeter, Aberayron and New Quay Light Railway 12 miles (19 km)

Liskeard and Looe Railway 9 miles (14 km)

Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railway (1 January 1923) 13 miles (21 km)

Llanidloes and Newtown Railway

Mawddwy Light Railway

Midland and South Western Junction Railway (1 July 1923) 63.25 miles (101 km)

Mid-Wales Railway

Neath and Brecon Railway (1 July 1922)

Newtown and Machynlleth Railway

Oswestry and Newtown Railway

Oswestry, Ellesmere and Whitchurch Railway

Penarth Harbour, Dock and Railway 9.75 miles (16 km)

Port Talbot Railway (1 January 1922) 35 miles (56 km) South Wales Mineral Railway 13 miles (21 km)

Powlesland and Mason (railway shunting contractors) (contractors at Swansea Docks) (1 January 1924)

Princetown Railway (1922) 10.5 miles (17 km)

Rhondda and Swansea Bay Railway (1 January 1922) 29 miles (46 km)

Rhymney Railway (1 January 1922) 51 miles (82 km)

Ross and Monmouth Railway 12.5 miles (20 km)

Swansea Harbour Trust (1 July 1923)

Taff Vale Railway (1 January 1922) 124.5 miles (199 km) Penarth Extension Railway 1.75 miles (3 km)

Tanat Valley Light Railway

Teign Valley Railway 7.75 miles (12 km)

Vale of Rheidol Railway

Van Railway

Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway

West Somerset Railway (1922) 14.5 miles (23 km)

Wrexham and Ellesmere Railway